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Simile - contrasting to seemingly unalike things to enhance the meaning of a situation or theme using like or as What happens to a dream deferred, does it dry up like a raisin in the sun Hyperbole - exaggeration I have a million things to do today.
Personification - giving non-human objects human characteristics America has thrown her hat into the ring, and will be joining forces with the British.
Foot - grouping of stressed and unstressed syllables used in line or poem Iamb - unstressed syllable followed by stressed Made famous by the Shakespearian sonnet, closest to the natural rhythm of human speech How do I love thee? The iamb stumbles through my books; trochees rush and tumble; while anapest runs like a hurrying brook; dactyls are stately and classical.
Remember, though the most immediate forms of imagery are visual, strong and effective imagery can be used to invoke an emotional, sensational taste, touch, smell etc or even physical response.
Suspense - The tension that the author uses to create a feeling of discomfort about the unknown Conflict - Struggle between opposing forces. Exposition - Background information regarding the setting, characters, plot. Point of View - pertains to who tells the story and how it is told.
Narrator - The person telling the story who may or may not be a character in the story. Second person - Narrator addresses the reader directly as though she is part of the story. The narrator reports on events and lets the reader supply the meaning.
Omniscient - All-knowing narrator multiple perspectives.
The narrator knows what each character is thinking and feeling, not just what they are doing throughout the story. This type of narrator usually jumps around within the text, following one character for a few pages or chapters, and then switching to another character for a few pages, chapters, etc.
Rhythm is the juxtaposition of stressed and unstressed beats in a poem, and is often used to give the reader a lens through which to move through the work. See meter and foot Setting - the place or location of the action.
The setting provides the historical and cultural context for characters. It often can symbolize the emotional state of characters. Speaker - the person delivering the poem.
Remember, a poem does not have to have a speaker, and the speaker and the poet are not necessarily one in the same. Structure fiction - The way that the writer arranges the plot of a story. Repeated elements in action, gesture, dialogue, description, as well as shifts in direction, focus, time, place, etc.
Structure poetry - The pattern of organization of a poem. For example, a Shakespearean sonnet is a line poem written in iambic pentameter. Because the sonnet is strictly constrained, it is considered a closed or fixed form. Symbolism - when an object is meant to be representative of something or an idea greater than the object itself.
Cross - representative of Christ or Christianity Bald Eagle - America or Patriotism Owl - wisdom or knowledge Yellow - implies cowardice or rot Tone - the implied attitude towards the subject of the poem. Is it hopeful, pessimistic, dreary, worried?
A poet conveys tone by combining all of the elements listed above to create a precise impression on the reader.
It is your claim, succinctly stated in a single sentence. If you are tasked with writing a literary analysis on African American literature, your goal is to review the literary devices that a specific author or, in some cases, . Literary Analysis: Using Elements of Literature Students are asked to write literary analysis essays because this type of assignment encourages you to think about how and why a poem, short story, novel, or play was written.
1 VERB TENSE FOR ANALYSIS OF LITERATURE AND HISTORY. Writing about literature. 1.
Whether you are dealing with fiction, poetry, or nonfiction literature, use the present tense. HOW TO WRITE A LITERARY ANALYSIS ESSAY The purpose of a literary analysis essay is to carefully examine and sometimes evaluate a work of literature or an aspect of a work of literature.
In writing about literature or any specific text, you will strengthen your discussion if you offer specific passages from the text as evidence. Rather than simply dropping in quotations and expecting their significance and relevance to your argument to be self-evident, you need to provide sufficient analysis of the passage.
Remember that your .