His earliest American ancestor, William Hathorne Nathaniel added the w to the name when he began to writewas a magistrate who had sentenced a Quaker woman to public whipping. She moved in with her affluent brothers, the Mannings. Hawthorne grew up in their house in Salem and, for extensive periods during his teens, in Raymond, Maine, on the shores of Sebago Lake.
In an extended introduction, Hawthorne describes his employment in the Salem Custom House, and how he purportedly found an old document and a piece of cloth embroidered with the letter "A" in a pile of old papers.
This fictitious document being the germ of the story that Hawthorne writes, as follows. In Junein Puritan Boston, Massachusetts, a crowd gathers to witness the punishment of Hester Prynne, a young woman who has given birth to a baby of unknown parentage.
She is required to wear a scarlet "A" on her dress when she is in front of the townspeople to shame her. The letter "A" stands for adulteress, although this is never said explicitly in the novel.
Her "punishment" because adultery was illegal at the time is to stand on the scaffold for three hours, exposed to public humiliation, and to wear the scarlet "A" for the rest of her life.
As Hester approaches the scaffoldmany of the women in the crowd are angered by her beauty and quiet dignity. When demanded and cajoled to name the father of her child, Hester refuses. As Hester looks out over the crowd, she notices a small, misshapen man and recognizes him as her long-lost husband, who has been presumed lost at sea.
He chooses a new name, Roger Chillingworth, to aid him in his plan.
After she returns to her prison cell, the jailer brings in Roger Chillingworth, a physician, to calm Hester and her child with his roots and herbs. He and Hester have an open conversation regarding their marriage and the fact that they were both in the wrong.
Her lover, however, is another matter and he demands to know who it is; Hester refuses to divulge such information. He accepts this, stating that he will find out anyway, and forces her to hide that he is her husband.
During this lesson, we will learn about Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel, The Scarlet Letter. After we explore the cast of the novel, we will discuss the novel's main symbols and themes. Jul 14, · How to Study English Literature. In this Article: Article Summary Laying the Groundwork Re-reading Your Texts Making Useful Notes for Fiction and Drama Making Useful Notes for Poetry Handling Difficult Texts Shakespeare Terms Guide Community Q&A English Literature is a complex subject, and many students end up having to study it at some point. Get an answer for 'How are the themes of sin, punishment, and redemption portrayed in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter?' and find homework help for other The Scarlet Letter questions at eNotes.
Following her release from prison, Hester settles in a cottage at the edge of town and earns a meager living with her needlework, which is of extraordinary quality. She lives a quiet, somber life with her daughter, Pearl, and performs acts of charity for the poor.
The shunning of Hester also extends to Pearl, who has no playmates or friends except her mother. As she grows older, Pearl becomes capricious and unruly. Her conduct starts rumours, and, not surprisingly, the church members suggest Pearl be taken away from Hester.
Hester, hearing rumors that she may lose Pearl, goes to speak to Governor Bellingham. With him are ministers Wilson and Dimmesdale. Tormented by his guilty conscience, Dimmesdale goes to the square where Hester was punished years earlier.
Climbing the scaffold, he admits his guilt but cannot find the courage to do so publicly.The Scarlet Letter study guide contains a biography of Nathaniel Hawthorne, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a . LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Scarlet Letter, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
The Puritans believed people were born sinners. Puritan preachers depicted each human . A summary of Chapters 23–24 in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Scarlet Letter and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. From Nancy Stade's Introduction to The Scarlet Letter.
Although the mark of Hester's crime is stitched in red across her breast, emblazoned in stigmata across the breast of her lover, and broadcast across the sky, Hawthorne never names her crime in The Scarlet heartoftexashop.com novel's title alludes to, but does not reveal, the letter A, which itself suggests, but does not divulge, the crime of adultery.
LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Scarlet Letter, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
Kestler, Justin. "The Scarlet Letter Themes." LitCharts. LitCharts LLC, 22 Jul Web. 22 Sep Kestler, Justin.
"The Scarlet Letter Themes." LitCharts. LitCharts. During this lesson, we will learn about Nathaniel Hawthorne's novel, The Scarlet Letter. After we explore the cast of the novel, we will discuss the novel's main symbols and themes.