Letter to the White House following the first fireside chat on the Banking Crisiseight days after taking office March 12,
See Article History Alternative Titles: The only president elected to the office four times, Roosevelt led the United States through two of the greatest crises of the 20th century: In so doing, he greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Dealand he served as the principal architect of the successful effort to rid the world of German National Socialism and Japanese militarism.
For a discussion of the history and nature of the presidency, see presidency of the United States of America. Key events in the life of Franklin D. The family lived in unostentatious and genteel luxury, dividing its time between the family estate in the Hudson River valley of New York state and European resorts.
Young Roosevelt was educated privately at home until age 14, when he entered Groton Preparatory School in Groton, Massachusetts. At Groton, as at home, he was reared to be a gentleman, assuming responsibility for those less fortunate and exercising Christian stewardship through public service.
A young Franklin D. Roosevelt with his mother, Sara. In Roosevelt entered Harvard Universitywhere he spent most of his time on extracurricular activities and a strenuous social life; his academic record was undistinguished. Roosevelt, EleanorEleanor Roosevelt in her wedding dress, Courtesy of the Franklin D.
Roosevelt with Eleanor and their five children, Roosevelt Library and Museum website; version date Roosevelt attended Columbia University Law School but was not much interested in his studies. After passing the New York bar exam, he went to work as a clerk for the distinguished Wall Street firm of Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn, but he displayed the same attitude of indifference toward the legal profession as he had toward his education.
Early political activities Motivated by his cousin Theodore, who continued to urge young men of privileged backgrounds to enter public service, Roosevelt looked for an opportunity to launch a career in politics. That opportunity came inwhen Democratic Party leaders of Dutchess county, New Yorkpersuaded him to undertake an apparently futile attempt to win a seat in the state senate.
Roosevelt, whose branch of the family had always voted Democratic, hesitated only long enough to make sure his distinguished Republican Party relative would not speak against him. He campaigned strenuously and won the election. Not quite 29 when he took his seat in Albany, he quickly won statewide and even some national attention by leading a small group of Democratic insurgents who refused to support Billy Sheehan, the candidate for the United States Senate backed by Tammany Hallthe New York City Democratic organization.
For three months Roosevelt helped hold the insurgents firm, and Tammany was forced to switch to another candidate. In the New York Senate Roosevelt learned much of the give-and-take of politics, and he gradually abandoned his patrician airs and attitude of superiority.
In the process, he came to champion the full program of progressive reform.
By Roosevelt was supporting progressive New Jersey governor Woodrow Wilson for the Democratic presidential nomination of In that year Roosevelt was reelected to the state senate, despite an attack of typhoid fever that prevented him from making public appearances during the campaign.
His success was attributable in part to the publicity generated by an Albany journalist, Louis McHenry Howe.Online, Free American History Videos. Free videos & activities for students, educators, and lovers of American History. Online, Free American History Videos. Free videos & activities for students, educators, and lovers of American History.
The Shattered Dream by Gene Smith is, in this reader's estimation, a balanced and objective account of Herbert Hoover presidency, the Depression, the election and the ascend of Franklin Roosevelt. Franklin D. Roosevelt: Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd president of the United States (–45).
The only president elected to the office four times, he led the U.S. through the Great Depression and World War II. He greatly expanded the powers of the federal government through a series of programs and reforms known as the New Deal. Introduction to a complete primer on numerology designed for beginners and novice students.
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