Print Most approximately 85 percent ankle sprains and strains are inversion injuries in which the foot twists inward, damaging the lateral ligaments on the outside of the foot. Pronation injuries to the medial ligaments on the inside of the foot, which are caused by twisting the foot outward, are less common. Sprains are graded on a scale of 1 to 3 mild, moderate, and severedepending on the degree of tearing to the ligaments. In most cases, x-rays are performed to rule out a fracture or dislocation.
If a particular movement or activity hurts, stop doing it and seek medical advice. Continuing to exercise while you are injured may cause further damage and prolong your recovery time.
When to seek medical treatment If you sustain a severe injury while doing a sporting activity, such as a deep cut, concussion from a blow to the head, or if you are unable to place any weight on an injured limb visit your nearest accident and Emergency Department ED. If the injury does not require immediate medical attention but causes severe pain, swelling or numbness, or if you cannot place any weight on the affected area, visit your GP.
Protect the injured area from further injury,for example ,by using a support ,or in the case of an ankle injury ,wearing shoes that enclose and support your feet ,such as lace ups Rest: Using crutches or a walking stick may help if you are unable to put weight on your ankle or knee.
Do not allow the ice to touch your skin directly as this may cause a cold burn. Before applying ice, wrap it in a wet towel or put a wet towel over the injured area. Additional treatment PRICE therapy can be useful for any sports injury, but severe injuries may require additional treatment.
Pain relief Pain relief analgesicssuch as paracetamol, can be used along with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDssuch as ibuprofen, to help ease the pain caused by sprains and fractures, and to help reduce any inflammation swelling.
Ibuprofen is not recommended for people who have a peptic ulcer an ulcer anywhere in the digestive system or stomach or for those who have had one in the past. Ibuprofen is also not recommended for people with severe heart failure. Ibuprofen should be used with caution if you have certain conditions, such as asthma, kidney or liver disease or mild to moderate heart failure.
Speak to your GP or pharmacist if you are unsure whether you should take ibuprofen.
Children under 16 should not take aspirin. Immobilisation Immobilisation is a treatment that helps prevent further damage by reducing movement. Immobilisation also reduces pain, muscle swelling and muscle spasm, as well as speeding up the healing process by encouraging blood to flow directly to the injured area.
A sling can be used to immobilise an arm or shoulder. Cortisone injections In the case of severe or persistent inflammation swellinga cortisone injection may be recommended. As well as reducing inflammation, it will help prevent long-term muscle and ligament damage.
If you have a cortisone injection, a fine needle will be used to inject the steroid cortisone into the tender area. It will usually be combined with an anaesthetic so it is not painful.
Most people who have a cortisone injection find that their pain improves significantly or disappears completely within four weeks of treatment. In such cases, two or three steroid injections may be needed over the course of a few weeks. The risk of developing side effects after a cortisone injection is small, although you may experience some increased discomfort at the site of the injection for up to 48 hours.
Surgery Most sports injuries do not require surgery. A rehabilitation programme aims to return the injured body part to normal function by gradually introducing it to movement and exercise. With most sports injuries it helps to mobilise move the injured part as soon as possible to help speed up the healing process.
As movement becomes easier and pain decreases, stretching and strengthening exercises can be introduced.
During the rehabilitation process, do not attempt to do too much too quickly. Start by doing frequent repetitions of a few simple exercises before gradually increasing the amount you do. Avoid painful activities and do not return to your sport until you have no pain and full strength and flexibility have returned to the injured area.
A health care professional, such as a physiotherapist or sports injury specialist, can help you devise a suitable rehabilitation programme and advise you about which exercises you should do and the number of repetitions.
Heat treatment should not be used during the first 48 hours after injury. Cold treatment is usually only used during the first 48 hours following an injury.
See Useful links for more information about physiotherapy.Ankles are one of the many body parts that have the highest incidence of injury by the performance of dance. Ankle sprains are one of the most common sprains occurring to the dancer.
Even though structurally the ankle may be considered a moderately strong joint, it is subject to sudden twis. Soft-tissue injuries fall into two basic categories: acute injuries and overuse injuries.
Acute injuries are caused by a sudden trauma, such as a fall, twist, or blow to the body. Examples of an acute injury include sprains, strains, and contusions. Apr 23, · Introduction. If you twist your ankle, it may swell up and hurt. This is usually a sign that the ankle is sprained.
In other words, one or more ligaments of the ankle and the surrounding tissue are injured. Ligaments are tough elastic bands of connective tissue that join bones in the joint to each other.
INTRODUCTION AND EPIDEMIOLOGY. ankle injuries are a common complaint. Due to the significant swelling typically present after acute injuries, examining the ankle is challenging but can be helped by elevation of the injured extremity and ice applied at triage.
How to tape an ankle - Introduction Ankle taping is a big part of preventing ankle injury for players participating in any type of sport where running and change of direction is required, such as soccer, football, basketball etc. INTRODUCTION.
Ankle sprain injury (ASI) is the most common injury in youth soccer and basketball. 1–6 A large-scale systematic review comprising several studies from 38 different countries around the world revealed that the ankle ranked the most frequently injured body part in sports with a weighted prevalence of 34%.