Affirmative Action and Financial Aid Affirmative action is often defined as the effort to improve access to higher education for minority and female students. It is typically implemented through special recruitment efforts and by giving special preferences to minorities. For example, given two comparable candidates, affirmative action chooses the minority candidate over the non-minority candidate.
Most people recognize that to be economically competitive and socially just, America needs to draw upon the talents of students from all backgrounds.
Moreover, the education of all students is enriched when they can learn from classmates who have different sets of life experiences. At the same time, however, many Americans—including several members of the U.
Supreme Court—are uneasy with explicitly using race as a factor in college admissions. No one likes to be told what to do, and in the case of college admissions, university officials are right to guard their academic freedoms strenuously.
Sign up for updates. Many legal experts suggest that now is the time for universities to begin seriously thinking about how to promote racial, ethnic, and economic diversity in new ways. This volume is an outgrowth of that gathering. In their chapters, the authors tackle the critical questions: What is the future of affirmative action given the requirements of the Fisher court?
What can be learned from the experiences of states that created race-neutral strategies in response to voter initiatives and other actions banning consideration of race at public universities?
What does research by higher education scholars suggest are the most promising new strategies to promoting diversity in a manner that the courts will support?
How do public policies need to change in order to tap into the talents of all students in a new legal and political environment? To date, many universities have achieved racial and ethnic diversity by recruiting fairly well off students of color.
According to William G. In that sense, might Fisher represent not only a new challenge to the use of racial criteria but also a new opportunity to tackle, at long last, burgeoning economic divisions in society? Can new approaches be created that honor racial, ethnic, and economic diversity in one fell swoop?
This volume proceeds in five parts. The Stakes Part I addresses the stakes involved in diversity discussions. Why do racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic diversity matter in higher education? Why are universities right not to simply select the students with the highest grades and test scores irrespective of diversity?
Why, indeed, should we care at all about who attends selective colleges in the first place? In Chapter 2, Nancy Cantor, the president of Rutgers Newark and the former chancellor of Syracuse University, explains with her colleague Peter Englot that racial, ethnic, and economic diversity on campus is vital.
The twin trends of increasing economic inequality and the racial and ethnic shift in the population mean that America can no longer afford to bypass its growing number of low-income and minority students.
The toddler population is already majority minority in fourteen states, including California, New York, Texas, and Florida, they write. Not only does having students from a variety of economic backgrounds enhance the learning and discussions on campus, it also might make college more affordable for everyone, she argues.
Selective colleges are economically segregated in part because they are so expensive. Download But the converse may also be true: Rich students expect certain amenities fitness centers, well-manicured lawns, elaborate sports facilities that drive up costs.
Having economic diversity on campus would temper these pressures, she says, and balance university priorities to serve all students. In concrete and practical terms, what do universities need to begin to do to produce diversity in a way that will avoid litigation?
The threshold legal question is: To what degree if any did Fisher alter the law from where it stood in the decision in Grutter v.Critical Theory In a sense, critical theory starts with Marx, but quickly abandons the philosophical materialism, the theory of historical development, and the crucial role of the proletariat, which are key features of most Marxism.
bedrock for affirmative action policy in higher education admissions for the past decade was wrought with dissent in its decision (Cummings, ; . By Traci Yoder, NLG Director of Research and Education. Last weekend, while Vice-President and former Indiana governor Mike Pence was giving the commencement address at Notre Dame University, over students walked out in protest over his anti-LGBTQ and anti-refugee policy positions.
Pence used this opportunity to give a minute lecture about free speech on campuses, condemning what . Introduction Law, Policy, and Other Guidance. This volume is the basic policy document of the National Park Service (NPS) for managing the national park system.
Racism, discrimination and Affirmative Action are concepts that go hand in hand. This sample essay examines if these terms are just related or interchangeable.5/5(1). Affirmative Action Implications of the Civil Rights Act of An excellent starting point for gaining a broader perspective on the legal analysis of affirmative action can be found in Munro, The Continuing Evolution of Affirmative Action under Title VII: New Directions after the Civil Rights Act of , 81 Va.
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